A dental implant is an artificial tooth root made of titanium. It is inserted in the jaw bone instead of the missing tooth. Then a crown is fixed on it with the help of an abutment, that is a small adapter between the implant and the crown.
The dental implant consists of two parts: the implant itself and the abutment. Sooner or later almost everyone faces the need to have an extracted tooth replaced.
Several options are available
Option 1. You may leave it as is, i.e. one or more teeth will be missing from the dental arch. This option is most likely to create difficulties as the adjacent (with the missing one) teeth will shift their position, the antagonist tooth will protrude, thereby reducing the efficiency of the chewing apparatus.
Option 2. Two adjacent teeth may be prepared into a shape suitable for making dental bridgework (a so-called ‘bridge’). This option used to be popular. However, with the advent of implantation of artificial tooth roots, bridgework is becoming increasingly rare. Patients feel less inclined to have adjacent, often healthy, teeth prepared with the load increased on them.
Option 3. You may have the lost tooth root restored with an implant. The dental implantation method shows good clinical results with extremely low rejection rates. Both anterior and posterior teeth can be restored with the aid of implants.
There are different types of dental implantation: single-stage, two-stage, subperiostal and implantation with blade systems. Of all the varieties, the most effective and efficient one is the two-stage approach.
Two-stage implantation of teeth is done as follows:
Every case is unique. Together with the patient, proceeding from peculiarities of his/her clinical situation and personal wishes, we jointly adopt an optimal and effective treatment plan!
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